Syed Jawed Anwar
Afghans, the most impaired in technology, defeated three superpowers in a row; Britain, the Soviet Union and the United States of America. All three were most advanced in the technology of their time.
It was said that Britain was never backed when they decided to occupy any nation, the Soviet Union never left their occupied territory, and all world together couldn't defeat the USA. Afghans proved all wrong.
Afghans have written in the sky that the faith (Ø§ÛŒÙ…Ø§Ù†) is destined to be victorious. Allah u Akbar (God is the greatest. God is the only superpower).
In 1838, the British-Indian Army, under the command of Major-General Elphinstone equipped with the latest war technology of that time, marched into Afghanistan. Afghans waged Jihad against them and forced to retreat them in 1842. Afghans massacred the entire army except for one doctor who told the story to the world what exactly happened to them.
The Soviet Union, one of the superpowers of the time with most modern war technology, invaded Afghanistan on December 27, 1979. Afghans; barefooted, materially most deprived nation of the world started Jihad and forced them to leave in 1989. Soviet forces, their Afghan proxies and Mujahideen killed between 562,000 and 2 million Afghans and displaced about 6 million people who subsequently fled Afghanistan, mainly to Pakistan and Iran. The Soviet Union bombed (carpet bombing) many Afghanistan countryside villages and cities to the ground level.
In December 1991, the Soviet Union dissolved. It broke into pieces, and Russia later failed to control Afghanistan indirectly.
The USA interfered in Afghanistan to keep away victorious Afghan Islamic Mujahideen from the power of Kabul.
When Afghan Mujahideen who fought the war against the Soviet Union were not successful in forming a stable, unified, and consensus government in Kabul, the Taliban (a united religious students' body) emerged. The Taliban took control of Kandhar City in 1994, and they controlled Kabul and most of Afghanistan in 1996. They established the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (Ø§Ø³Ù„Ø§Ù…ÛŒ Ø§Ù…Ø§Ø±Ø§Øª Ø§ÙØºØ§Ù†Ø³ØªØ§Ù†), a pure Islamic state in Afghanistan.
Taliban unarmed the civilian; the first time in the history of Afghanistan created a crime-free society. They ban opium and drugs and its cultivation. They established a justice system based on the Quran and Sunnah. The first time after many centuries, Afghans witness and experiences a crime-free and just society.
Taliban was not cooperating USA (as was expected by the US administration) in the world dominance and its capitalistic design. Many of Taliban leaders were poor and orphans. They denied aligning with the desire of interest-based capitalist USA. It was their biggest "crime."
USA decided to overthrow Taliban mainly not cooperating for the oil pipeline TAPI; Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India. This pipeline could benefit the USA Corporations in trillions and dominance in the region and the world.
The USA calculated that if they even spend a few trillion to control Afghanistan, it is like pennies.
American administration tried their best and first funded for internal turmoil. Around 400,000 Afghans died in internal conflicts between 1990 and 2001.
Afghan warlords Massoud and Dostum formed Northern Alliance to fight with the Taliban. Taliban finally defeated Dostum's forces during the Battles of Mazar-i-Sharif (1997–98).
On September 9, 2001, Massoud was assassinated. He was the last hope of the Taliban's enemies; US, and it's allied.
Two days later, the September 11 attack happened in New York, and twin towers of the World Trade were demolished. More than three thousand plus innocent American citizens lost their lives. Many US experts and analysts agreed that the September 11 attack was internally designed to generate smokescreen to invade Afghanistan and Iraq.
The US Bush and UK Blair administrations announced that Osama bin Laden is the primary perpetrator of the September 11 attack and asked Taliban government to hand over him. Osama Bin Laden was the host of the Afghan people. Taliban asked the proof that Osama was involved in 9/11 before handing their guest to the US.
Bush administration had no proof except some newspaper clips of London tabloids. In response, the Taliban even offered to hand over Bin Laden to a third country for trial, but not directly to the US. Arrogant America rudely and disgracefully refused that offer.
The US launched the October 2001 attacked named it "Operation Enduring Freedom"; the operation for Afghans' mass killing and to control Kabul. The US and UK forces started carpet bombing in the major cities. Taliban fled to mountains to protect themselves and to fight back the aggressors. The US force installed their hired Northern Alliance in Kabul's power. The puppet Hamid Karzai was installed.
US-sponsored ISAF (International Security Assistance Force) was established by the UN Security Council to assist the puppet Karzai administration.
Taliban with their power of faith defended the USA; technologically, militarily, and economically, the most advanced power of the world. Finally, they bleed the USA and its allied forces at the level that they were begging Taliban to a peace accord and asking "dignified" withdrawal from Afghanistan.
Amir-ul-Mumineen Sheikh-ul-Hadith Mawlawi Hibatullah Akhundzada,
Leader of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan
By 2009, the Taliban's Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan controlled most of the part of Afghanistan except Kabul. In 2010, with the US advice, President Karzai attempted to hold peace negotiations with the Taliban leaders. However, Taliban leaders agreed to attend peace negotiation in mid-2015 in Qatar with the first condition to the withdrawal of US-led ISAF from Afghanistan.
In September 2014 Ashraf Ghani became President after the US and their Kabul's puppet regime's sponsored election. On December 28, 2014, NATO formally ended ISAF combat operations in Afghanistan and transferred full security responsibility to the Afghan government. The NATO-led Operation Resolute Support was formed the same day as a successor to ISAF. Thousands of NATO troops (mainly the US) remained in the country to train and advise Afghan government forces and continue their fight to crush the Taliban.
It was estimated in 2015 that "about 147,000 people mostly civilians have been killed US aggression in Afghanistan since 2001.
Finally, after 18 years of Jihad, it is the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (Taliban) who brought a "road map" of peace with their conditions. The US and their puppets in Afghanistan agreed on July 9, 2019, at Doha Qatar. It was the seventh and final round of talks. Zalmay Khalilzad, the American special envoy leading the negotiations with the Taliban signed it. Afghan government officials attended as an individual capacity because the Taliban doesn't accept the legitimacy of their government.
"There was a very friendly atmosphere and sincere atmosphere, and everyone shared their views," said Sher Mohammad Abas Stanekzai, the most senior member of the Taliban delegation and their chief negotiator. "When we finalize our negotiations with the Americans and get a timetable for the withdrawal of foreign troops, then we will enter direct negotiations with the Afghan side for the internal matters of our country," Stanekzai said to the media.
Nader Nadery, the head of the Afghan government civil service commission and one of the participants, said the conference had provided an important platform for sharing grievances. "I think the two days of discussions have helped our realization of who the Taliban are, what they want, and they know who we are and what we want," he said to New York Times.
Germany and Qatar, the co-hosts of the event, welcomed the declaration, with officials from both countries appearing pleased with how the discussions had turned out.
Road Map for Peace
An English translation of the statement:
- Institutionalizing the Islamic system (Shariah) in the country for the implementation of comprehensive peace.
- Start of the peace process simultaneously with the accomplishment of all terms and conditions set form.
- Monitoring and observation of the peace agreement.
- Reform in the preservation of fundamental institutions, defence, and other national entities that belong to all Afghans.
- Repartition of immigrants and the return of internally displaced people.
- Support and assistance from donor countries post-peace agreement based on the new cooperation and relations.
- Insist during international conferences regarding the assurance of the Afghanistan peace agreement.
- Assurance of zero interference from neighbouring and regional countries in Afghanistan.25/WEEK
- The conflict parties shall avoid threats, revenge, and conflicting words shall use soft terminologies and words during their official gatherings, and shall not fuel conflict and revenge.
- The Doha peace conference participants strongly support the current peace talks in Doha and believe that an effective and positive outcome from the negotiations will be fruitful for Afghanistan.
The conflict parties shall consider these measures:
- Unconditional release of elders, the disabled, and sick inmates.
- Ensuring the security of public institutions, such as schools, religious madrassas, hospitals, markets, water dams, and other working locations.
- In particular, respecting educational institutions, like schools, universities, and other educational institutions, as well as residential areas.
- Commitment to respect and protect the dignity of people, their life and property, to minimize the civilian casualties to zero.
- Assuring women's rights in political, social, economic, educational, and cultural affairs as per within the Islamic framework of Islamic values.
the spokesman of the Islamic Emirate's Political Office in Doha
At the official level, there are three versions of the joint statement (henceforth, Agreement) in Pashtu, Dari, and English. However, the Islamic Emirate also published the fourth version in Urdu on its official Urdu-language website. All the versions of the Agreement have some differing points. For example, the English version does not "contain any reference to one of the key issues for the Taliban – their demand for the withdrawal of all foreign military forces..."
On the contrary, the Pashtu version of the Agreement includes "references to the withdrawal of foreign troops as part of the roadmap.
Suhail Shaheen, the spokesman of the Islamic Emirate's Political Office in Doha, has said that the Pashtu version is the original. The Agreement is non-binding.
Let's wait how the fast US withdraws its force entirely from Afghanistan. and how and when the Taliban can establish its government in Kabul.
Most probably Pakistan may be hired again by the USA to accomplish their unfinished agenda in Afghanistan. Civilian Government Chief, Army Chief, and the Intelligence Chief are visiting the US soon to meet Donald Trump.
Jawed Anwar can be reached at jawed@Seerahwest.com.
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